タイ語の【類別詞】物の数え方について学ぼう

タイ語の数の数え方

สวัสดี(サワディー)こんにちわ!

今回はタイ語での物や生き物、洋服や食事に使える数え方について学んで行きましょう。

例えば〈1匹、1杯、1個〉などです。

一緒に物を数える時に使うタイ語を勉強していきましょうね。

ロア
ロア

僕は、なんて数えられるのかな?

 

タイ語の類別詞《数え方編》

日本語でも「1匹」「1個」「1杯」などと数える様にタイ語でも数を数える言い方があります。

お店で注文する時や買い物で便利なので覚えてみてください。

類別詞 タイ語 読み方
1個(類別詞がわからないときはこれ อัน(an) アン
1人 คน(khon) コン
1匹、頭(動物、魚、虫、鳥)

1枚、着(服・下着)

ตัว(tua) トゥゥアイ
1皿(お皿の料理) จาน(caan) ジャーン
1杯(どんぶりなど) จาน(chaam) チャーム
1杯(グラス・コップなど) แก้ว(kωωw) ゲーウ
1杯(カップ・湯呑など)  ถ้วย(thuay) トゥゥアイ

 

ここら辺は結構使うと思うので覚えてみて下さいね。

ロア
ロア

まだまだありそうだな(笑)とりあえず旅行先でこれは使えそうだから覚えるわ

実際の類別詞の使い方

では実際に使ってみましょう。

類別詞を使ったタイ語での表現は【物+数+(類別詞)】となります。

🔲例えば

女性2人⇒ผู้หญิง 2 คน(プーイン ソーン コン)となります。

 

他にも例文を見てみましょう!

Tシャツ2枚⇒เสื้อยืด 2 ตัว(スー ユー(ト)ソン トゥゥア)

ラーメン1杯⇒ราเมนห 1 ชาม(ラーメン ヌン(グ) チャーム)

コーヒー1杯⇒กาแฟห 1 ถ้วย(ガ―フェー ヌン(グ)トゥゥアイ)

 

ロア
ロア

なるほどな!ここは、示したい物と数そして類別詞をはめればOKだな

 

そんな感じで類別詞を覚えてみてくださいね。

関連記事▶タイ語の数字について【1~99】【100~100000】までを学ぼう

NEXT▶誰でも簡単!タイ語の自己紹介編

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